The sedimentation equilibrium of heterogeneously associating systems and mixtures of non-interacting solutes: analysis without determination of molecular weight averages

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Journal Article
Biophysical Chemistry, 1976, 4 (3), pp. 259 - 267
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Sedimentation equilibrium is first considered of a system in which a ligand of any size binds to an acceptor at p sites, the experimental result, obtained with either interference or absorption optics, being a distribution of total solute concentration as a function of radial distance. Theory illustrated by a numerical example, is presented which shows that this distribution may be analysed to give the activity of the unbound ligand as a function of total weight concentration. It is shown that this information may be used together with conservation of mass equations written in terms of the initial mixing composition to evaluate the equilibrium constant(s) relevant to the system. Correlation with composition evaluation by use of absorption optics (when possible) is also discussed. The procedure does not involve solution of simultaneous equations which are sums of exponentials nor differentiation of experimental results to obtain apparent weight-average molecular weights. It is general in that it leads to the evaluation of the activity of the species characterized by the smallest M(l-vπ) product and, accordingly, is shown to be useful in the analysis of non-interacting as well as of interacting systems. © 1976.
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