Bioavailability of Iron Sensed by a Phytoplanktonic Fe-Bioreporter

American Chemical Society
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Environmental Science & Technology, 2006, 40 (8), pp. 2544 - 2551
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This study describes a short-term (12 h) evaluation of iron (Fe) bioavailability to an Fe-dependent cyanobacterial bioreporter derived from Synechococcus PCC 7942. Several synthetic ligands with variable conditional stability constants for Fe(III) (K* of 1019.8 to 1030.9), in addition to several defined natural Fe-binding ligands and a fulvic acid of aquatic origin (Suwannee River), were used to elucidate the forms of Fe that are discerned by this phytoplanktonic microbe: Fe-HEBD (log conditional stability constant, K*, = 28.1, HEBD = N,N`-di(2-hydroxybenzyl)ethylenediamine-N,N`-diacetic acid monohydrochloride hydrate), Fe-HDFB (K* = 30.9, DFB = desferroxamine B), Fe-ferrichrome (K* = 23.2), Fe-DTPA (K* = 21.1, DTPA = diethylenetrinitrilopentaacetic acid), Fe-(8HQS)2 (K* = 20.4, 8HQS = 8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid), Fe-CDTA (K* = 19.8, CDTA = trans-1,2-cyclohexylenedinitrilotetraacetic acid), and Fe-EDTA (K* = 19.2).
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