Genetic diversity amongst isolates of Neospora caninum, and the development of a multiplex assay for the detection of distinct strains

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Molecular and Cellular Probes, 2009, 23 (3-4), pp. 132 - 139
Issue Date:
2009-06-01
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Infection with Neospora caninum is regarded as a significant cause of abortion in cattle. Despite the economic impact of this infection, relatively little is known about the biology of this parasite. In this study, mini and microsatellite DNAs were detected in the genome of N. caninum and eight loci were identified that each contained repetitive DNA which was polymorphic among different isolates of this parasite. A multiplex PCR assay was developed for the detection of genetic variation within N. caninum based on length polymorphism associated with three different repetitive markers. The utility of the multiplex PCR was demonstrated in that it was able to distinguish amongst strains of N. caninum used as either vaccine or challenge strains in animal vaccination experiments and that it could genotype N. caninum associated with naturally acquired infections of animals. The multiplex PCR is simple, rapid, informative and sensitive and should provide a valuable tool for further studies on the epidemiology of N. caninum in different host species. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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