Luminescent properties of ZnO nanowires and as-grown ensembles

Institute of Physics (UK)
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Nanotechnology, 2008, 19 (41), pp. 1 - 5
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Vertically aligned ZnO nanowires were synthesized on a sapphire (11 (2) over bar0) substrate by vapour deposition and their light-emitting properties were characterized using photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence spectroscopies. Besides the nanowires, there exists a mosaic ZnO film on the substrate surface. Comparison of the luminescent properties of the as-grown ensemble and the nanowires extracted from it shows that the mosaic film is the major source of the defect-related green emission while the nanowires possess highly crystalline quality with virtually no defects. Photoemission spectroscopy shows that the valence band states associated with O 2p from the as-grown sample are diminished compared with those from the extracted nanowires. These findings suggest that the green emission partly arises from oxygen vacancies located on the surface of the mosaic film.
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