Effects of components of ischemia on the Kv4.3 current stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells

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Journal Article
Journal of Molecular Cell Cardiology, 2002, 34 (2), pp. 197 - 207
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We investigated the effects of three components of ischemia: external acidosis (pH=6.0), extracellular hyperkalemia ([K+]=20 mmol/l), and resting membrane depolarization to -60 mV, on Kv4.3 current stably expressed in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. We used single electrode whole cell patch clamp techniques to study changes in the current elicited. External acidosis caused a positive shift in the steady state activation curve from -13.4±2.1 mV to -3.3±1.5 mV (n=8, P=0.004) and the steady state inactivation curve from -56.5±0.4 mV to -46.7±0.5 mV (n=14, P<0.0001). Acidosis also caused an acceleration of recovery from inactivation with the t1/2 decreasing from 306 ms (95% CI 287327 ms) to 194 ms (95% CI 182207 ms), (n=14, P<0.05). Hyperkalemia did not affect any of these parameters. Combined acidosis and hyperkalemia produced effects similar to those seen with acidosis. Changing the holding potential from -90 mV to -60 mV with test potentials of +5 and +85 mV decreased the peak currents by 34.1% and 32.4% respectively (n=14). However, in the presence of external acidosis the decrease in peak currents induced by changing the holding potential was less marked. In acidotic bath the peak current at -60 mV was reduced by only 13.6% at a test potential of +5 mV and 12.3% at a test potential of +85 mV (n=14). Taken together our data suggest that the membrane depolarization and changes in pH which occur under ischemic conditions would be accompanied by relative preservation of Kv4.3 currents and provide a molecular basis for the observation of preserved epicardial Ito and epicardial action potential duration (APD) shortening in ischemia.
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