Shielding of augmented tendon-tendon repair

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Biomaterials, 1995, 16 (10), pp. 803 - 807
Issue Date:
1995-01-01
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Strength and function of autogenic and xenogenic reconstruction of digital extensor tendons was examined in an ovine model. In this study, tendon-graft junctions were formed by either suture augmented with a woven polyester tube (A), or augmented and shielded from surrounding tissues by chemically-treated bovine pericardium (S). By 12 wk, both A and S sheep had returned to full range of motion. Mechanical strength of both the autograft-host and xenograft-host repair sites was similar, with a pooled strength of 131 ± 25 N (n = 15). Similarly, the mid-portion xenograft strengths were constant at approximately 366 ± 97 N (n = 7). In contrast, mid-portion autograft strengths decreased from 380 ± 110 N (N = 4) to 120 ± 66 N (n = 4) if shielding was omitted. The loss in autograft strength was attributed to loss of function associated with adhesions. The use of the augmentation device coupled with an adhesion barrier gives higher initial reconstruction strength and improved function during the host repair period up to 12 wk. © 1995.
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