Pose-Graph Neural Network Classifier for Global Optimality Prediction in 2D SLAM

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Access, 2021, 9, pp. 80466-80477
Issue Date:
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The ability to decide if a solution to a pose-graph problem is globally optimal is of high significance for safety-critical applications. Converging to a local-minimum may result in severe estimation errors along the estimated trajectory. In this paper, we propose a graph neural network based on a novel implementation of a graph convolutional-like layer, called PoseConv, to perform classification of pose-graphs as optimal or sub-optimal. The operation of PoseConv required incorporating a new node feature, referred to as cost, to hold the information that the nodes will communicate. A training and testing dataset was generated based on publicly available bench-marking pose-graphs. The neural classifier is then trained and extensively tested on several subsets of the pose-graph samples in the dataset. Testing results have proven the model's capability to perform classification with 92 - 98% accuracy, for the different partitions of the training and testing dataset. In addition, the model was able to generalize to previously unseen variants of pose-graphs in the training dataset. Our method trades a small amount of accuracy for a large improvement in processing time. This makes it faster than other existing methods by up-to three orders of magnitude, which could be of paramount importance when using computationally-limited robots overseen by human operators.
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