管理者驱动型管理创新创造阶段的影响因素研究 = Research on influential factors of initial phase of manager-driven management innovation

Publication Type:
Thesis
Issue Date:
2011
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改革开放以来,中国本土企业在自身管理方面做了大量变革,其产生的管理创新成果为本企业和社会实现了双赢。据统计,目前企业取得的丰富管理创新成果绝大数来源于管理者驱动型。那管理者驱动型管理创新成果到底是如何创造的呢?经文献梳理,相关研究在国内外文献中虽有涉及,但从中国企业实际背景出发,具有针对性和系统性的管理者驱动型管理创新创造阶段研究还未形成理论体系。鉴于管理者驱动型管理创新创造阶段研究对实践和理论两层面有着重要的意义,论文以典型的管理者驱动型管理创新事件为研究对象,基于理性视角,借助相关理论,运用案例研究法,系统地研究了管理者驱动型管理创新创造阶段。论文的主要研究工作包括三方面内容:其一,先就管理者驱动型管理创新过程的阶段进行探析,后在单案例探索性研究的基础上构建了管理者驱动型管理创新创造阶段二维度模型,并基于多案例分析对模型中的新问题、问题驱动式探索和管理者的创新背景做了进一步总结和归纳;其二,运用垃圾桶和企业行为理论,构建了管理者驱动型管理创新创造阶段影响因素的理论研究框架,并据此提出了相关假设;其三,运用案例的实证研究方法,就管理者驱动型管理创新创造阶段影响因素的理论研究框架和相关假设进行了实证检验。研究表明:管理者驱动型管理创新是由管理者驱动的新管理流程、管理模式、组织结构或管理方式方法等的创造、选择和实施;管理者的核心行为是问题驱动式探索;企业遇到的新问题可划分为企业成长过程中的组织变化和遇到的各种障碍因素;问题驱动式探索的来源可划为企业经营的市场范围和各类知识源;管理者具有的外部经验、接受的训练以及接触的外部网络是提高管理创新方案创造几率的重要促进因素。 Since the open and reform, lots of reform have been carried out to the management of the local enterprises of China by themselves, the achievements on management innovation reached from which has brought mutual benefits to both the enterprises themselves as well as the society. It is shown from the statistics that overwhelming majority of the rich management innovation achievements reached by the enterprises root in the manager-driven field. Then how is the manager-driven management innovation achievements created on earth? Reviewing the literature, it is found that though relevant studies have been referred to in the domestic and foreign literature, specific and systemic theoretical systems from the actual background of Chinese enterprises have not been formed from the studies on the creative periods of manager-driven management innovation. As the studies on the creative periods of manager-driven management innovation is very significant in both layers of practice and theories, in the thesis, the typical events of manager-driven management innovation are set as the research object, and the creative periods of manager-driven management innovation are studied systematically from rational respective with the aid of relevant theories and case study. The main research of the thesis includes three aspects: first, the periods of the process of manager-driven management innovation are explored firstly and then two-dimensionality model of the creative periods of manager-driven management innovation is constructed on the basis of exploratory study on single case, and further conclusion and summing up of the new problems in the model, question-driven explore and the innovational background of the manager are made based on study on cases; second, the theoretical research frame of the effect factors in the creative periods of manager-driven management innovation is structured with the garbage can theory and the behavioral theory of the enterprises, and accordingly, relevant hypothesis is raised; third, empirical tests are given to the theoretical research frame of the effect factors in the creative periods of manager-driven management innovation and the relevant hypothesis. The study shows that: manager-driven management innovation is the creation, choice and implement of the process, model, organization structure, or managing methods of new management driven by the managers; the core behavior of the managers is the question-driven explore; the new questions the enterprises confront with can be divided into the change of structure and effect factors faced during the growth of the enterprise; the source of question-driven explore can be divided into the market area of the enterprises and all kinds of knowledge resources; the external experience, training accepted and external network in contact held by the manager are important factors to boost the chances to create new managing plans.
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