The electronic structure of Be and BeO: Benchmark EMS measurements and LCAO calculations

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 2003, 64 (3), pp. 495 - 505
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The electronic band structures of Be and BeO have been measured by transmission electron momentum spectroscopy (EMS). The low atomic number of beryllium and the use of ultrathin solid films in these experiments reduce the probability of electron multiple scattering within the sample, resulting in very clean 'benchmark' measurements for the EMS technique. Experimental data are compared to tight-binding (LCAO) electronic structure calculations using Hartree-Fock, and local density (LDA-VWN), gradient corrected (PBE) and hybrid (PBE0) density functional theory. Overall, DFT calculations reproduce the EMS data for metallic Be reasonably well. PBE predictions for the valence bandwidth of Be are in excellent agreement with EMS data, provided the calculations employ a large basis set augmented with diffuse functions. For BeO, PBE calculations using a moderately sized basis set are in reasonable agreement with experiment, slightly underestimating the valence bandgap and overestimating the O(2s) and O(2p) bandwidths. The calculations also underestimate the EMS intensity of the O(2p) band around the Γ-point. Simulation of the effects of multiple scattering in the calculated oxide bandstructures do not explain these systematic differences. Crown Copyright © 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
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