Ruthenium Phthalocyanine-Bipyridyl Dyads as Sensitisers for Dye-Sensitised Solar Cells: Dye Coverage versus Molecular Efficiency

Amer Chemical Soc
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Inorganic Chemistry, 2009, 48 (7), pp. 3215 - 3227
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The application of ruthenium phthalocyanine complexes as sensitizing dyes in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) is explored. Four monomeric complexes are reported which vary in peripheral substitution and axial ligand anchoring groups. Sensitizing dyes containing two ruthenium centers are also presented. These dyads, which contain ruthenium phthalocyanine and bipyridyl chromophores, were prepared using a protection/deprotection strategy that allows for convenient purification. DSCs fabricated using the phthalocyanine complexes and dyads were less efficient than those incorporating a standard DSC dye. However, on the basis of the number of molecules bound to the TiO2 electrode surfaces, several of the new complexes were more efficient at pholocurrent generation. The results highlight the importance of molecular size, and thus the dye coverage of the electrode surface in the design of new sensitizing dyes.
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